Extraction of the wisdom teeth, which are also known as ‘dens sapientiae’, is a wide-spread procedure in the field of dentistry. Such teeth are usually located in the back part of the oral cavity and may become a source of problems if they have no enough space for erupting correctly or if they are affected by other problems. This is what you should know about wisdom teeth extraction:
1. When the extraction is required:
- Impaction: A wisdom tooth may be fully or partially blocked under the gums, and this may cause discomfort and potential infections.
- Insufficient space: If there is no enough space in the teeth arch for correct eruption of the wisdom teeth, they can cause problems and displacement of other teeth.
- Infections or caries: The wisdom tooth can be hardly cleaned because of their location in the back part of the mouth, and this predisposes them to infections and caries.
- Pain and discomfort: The wisdom teeth can cause pain or discomfort when they are erupting, or because of impaction.
2. Extraction procedure:
- Anaesthesia: Before extracting, the relevant area is anaesthetised, in order to prevent pain and discomfort.
- Extraction as such: The dentist or surgeon will extract the wisdom tooth, using the special tools. The tooth may be sometimes broken into smaller pieces, in order to facilitate the extraction.
- Sutures: After the extraction is done, the stitches may be put in that area, in order to heal it.
- Pain and swellings: Feeling discomfort, swellings or light bleeding is normal after the extraction. The medical preparations as prescribed by the dentist can help you to manage the pain.
- Diet: Avoid the solid or hot foods over the first days and keep a mild diet, in order to avoid the excessive pressure on the area of extraction.
- Oral cavity hygiene: Continue taking good care of your mouth, but avoid energic brushing or gargarism in the area of extraction, in order not to disrupt the healing.
4. Potential complications:
Although the wisdom teeth extraction is a common and safe procedure, there may occur rare complications, such as infections, excessive bleeding or nerve injuring. Following the dentist’s post-operational instructions is very important for minimising the risks of such problems.
In general, the wisdom teeth extraction is a safe and efficient procedure for treating the problems that are tied to such teeth. Please, consult a dentist or a dental surgeon, in order to get an assessment and to discuss whether the wisdom teeth extraction is required in your case.